移行期支援ハンドブック「Handbook for Transition Assistance」
移行期支援の概要について理解促進すると共に、移行期に於ける緊急人道援助と開発援助のリンケージを強化し、現場での事業実施に際して、具体的な方策、活用出来るツール、留意すべき点等を提示することを目的として、UNHCRの知見も得つつ、標記移行期支援ハンドブック「Handbook for Transition Assistance」を作成しました。
The aims of this Handbook
This handbook is designed primarily for development agency practitioners who operate in transitional situations from war to peace. Given that each transition situation is different, rather than offering pre-made, generic strategies for transition assistance, this handbook strives:
ｧ To help practitioners understand the dynamics of transition assistance, such that they might better analyze the complexities of transition situations and be able to operate within them.
ｧ To provide practitioners a useful reference guide of conflict analysis tools, assistance sectors and transition assistance strategies.
ｧ To familiarize both humanitarian and development practitioners with each other's operational principles, approaches and main challenges, such that they themselves might avoid creating or enlarging any existing assistance gaps during the transition period.
This handbook's overall aim is to help development actors formulate and implement effective transition assistance programmes which contribute to security on the ground.
This handbook is meant to improve the programming of humanitarian assistance and development work where societies are transitioning from war to peace.
How to use this handbook
Given that transition challenges are immense this handbook contains voluminous information which can be analysed in greater depth elsewhere. Each chapter references sources for further information. The handbook includes three parts:
ｧ Part I Chapters 1 to 4 define the dynamics of conflict and how these dynamics might be analyzed. This section also provides an overview of various types of external interventions during the transition phase, including their operational principles and approaches as well as cross-cutting issues to be addressed across the board in any assistance sector programme.
ｧ Part II Chapters 5 to 9 outline the scope of clusters or sectors of assistance which are important in the transitional phase. These chapters focus on "what" needs to be targeted in assistance programmes, in other words, which areas need assistance in transitions. This section highlights key issues with the aim of creating a "sufficient minimum" necessary for the implementation of useful projects and programs in most transition situations.
ｧ Part III Chapters 10 to 12 address key issues related to program design, planning and implementation monitoring and evaluation. This section highlights special operational considerations in transition situations. Building on a practitioner's understanding of "what" to target in assistance programme, these chapters focus on "how" to assist in transitions.
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